Mexican American César Chávez was an activist who spent his life working towards improving conditions for farm workers. He was a labor organizer and union leader whose passion was fueled by his family’s history as migrant farmworkers. His desire was to see farmers attain better treatment, better pay, and better working conditions. He founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers after merging with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee. His nonviolent activism entailed boycotts, marches, and hunger strikes. His efforts resulted in better salaries and conditions for farmers in Texas, California, and Florida, and Arizona. In 2014, Barack Obama announced that Chávez’s birthday would become a federal holiday.
Citation and Further Reading: https://www.biography.com/activist/cesar-chavez & https://www.history.com/topics/mexico/cesar-chavez